Type: Competition
Client: Trondheim Municipality
Program: Nursing Home + Housing
Location: Østmarka, Trondheim, Norway
Size: 72 000 m2
Year: 2023
Status: Idea
Collaborators: IRO + SANGA (Visualization)
Tipo: Concurso
Cliente: Municipio de Trondheim
Programa: Residencia de Ancianos + Viviendas
Lugar: Østmarka, Trondheim, Noruega
Área: 72 000 m2
Año: 2023
Estado: Idea
Colaboradores: IRO + SANGA (Imágenes)

Site Section

Site Plan - Østmarka

Amongst the lawn and the forest consists of the transformation and conservation of the Østmarka area in Lade, Trondheim. The main four strategies of the project are: to preserve and nurture the natural biotopes of the region, including its forests, lawns, wildlife diversity and red-listed endangered fungi species; to promote the cultural landscapes of Lade, enhancing the experience of the existing Ladestien path; to create an inclusive nursing home that acts as a neuralgic center for the new community; and to establish a scalable cluster of bioclimatic and diverse housing opportunities, that are respectfully integrated with the landscape and its non-human inhabitants. The project seeks to implement these objectives on three levels: Territorial - Landscape, Urban and Building scales.
Østmarka is located in the Lade Peninsula, bordering the Trondheimsfjord in Trondheim. Trondheim is a scrambled metropolis with many municipalities and urban nodes. The Østmarka area is one of the last wilderness zones remaining, close to the city.
Two sets of strategies are established regarding territorial interventions relating to the landscape and built environment:
Firstly, preserve and nurture the natural biotopes of the region, including its forests, lawns, pasture areas and fjord access. This comprises all wildlife species: fauna, flora and microorganisms. Lade’s most notorious wildlife includes deer and several endangered fungi; therefore, any interventions harming the environment of these species should be avoided. In order to enhance the natural balance of these environments, the site should reintroduce its alkaline deciduous forest character, while providing habitats for animal species, and preserving its lawns for fungi and microorganisms to thrive. Additionally, the cultural landscape of Lade should be intensified, by enhancing the experience of the Ladestien trail, which connects the region with Trondheim’s city center. This path connects interesting historical sites and landmarks, such as WWII bunkers, swimming spots, picnic areas and activities.
In terms of the built environment, Østmarka is characterized by having notorious caring facilities, such as the Østmarka District Psychiatric Hospital, which occupies a considerable amount of the Lade Peninsula. The proposed Nursing Home, projected on the site, will become a new neuralgic center for the community. This community is established through scattered bioclimatic houses that avoid any spots that might harm the landscapes and soils to preserve.

Territorial Strategies

Site Section

Project Site

The project site is divided into two separate actions: the natural preservation of Kanonhaugen and the built interventions of the Nursing Home and the Scalable Housing Clusters.
The southern part of the site, occupied at the moment by a dog park, is restored to a natural lawn with no physical barriers, where animals can graze freely while being temporarily occupied by humans for outdoor activities. Runoff water will be collected in a small pond, inviting non-human actors to the site.
The site’s highest point, Kanonhaugen, will remain untouched by any actions to allow nature to thrive by itself, and restore its grass and herbs biotope, which provides a habitat for multiple species.
The built actions of the site are divided into three holistic interventions: the Barcode Housing Cluster, the Nursing Home and the Radial Housing Cluster.
The Barcode Housing Cluster is located right next to Kanonhaugen and extends its existing forest/meadow landscapes, transitioning into a lawn towards the center of the site. The houses are distributed slightly off-axis to avoid any existing important trees and give the impression of a community in harmony with the forest.
The Radial Housing Cluster is projected on top of the existing brownfield, turning it into a lawn with a perimetral forest that connects with the fjord landscapes surrounding it. The houses are distributed radially to magnify the clearing in a forest effect.
The Nursing Home is located around the red-listed endangered fungi in the lawn, becoming an important factor in its preservation. The volume of the built structure is broken down into several pieces, allowing the Nursing Home to become another cluster by itself, which is immersed and integrated with its surrounding community. Some of these volumes are elevated above grade to allow lawn continuity.

Cluster & Housing Strategies

Both Housing Clusters are entirely made up of bioclimatic houses, homes that are integrated within the structure of a greenhouse to profit from its benefits. The proposal includes 80 vibrant units composed of a mixture of several typological options: rowhouses, semi-detached housing, co-living communities and single-family homes. The proposal allows for the scale-down of the built density to maximize the landscape surrounding these communities. The plan is a proposition of strategies, rather than a fixed and rigid plan, that could be easily adapted to the needs negotiated between the community and the municipality. In a similar way to the Nursing Home, all the houses have bioclimatic and sustainable principles embedded in their design.

Cluster Section

Nursing Home Exploded Axonometric

The Nursing Home is divided into five volumes that mimic the typology of a double-pitched roof, giving the appearance of a cluster by itself. These volumes are connected by a loop building that houses the nursing home’s common amenities, providing an infinite continuous path for its residents on the ground floor. This is important for residents with dementia, as it supplies them with a safe space to circulate with no endpoints. Additionally, each building is colored externally and internally coded to ensure the resident’s orientation. The roof of this loop provides several outdoor safe spaces that connect the different volumes on the second floor, duplicating the same idea of the continuous loop in the warmer months. These outdoor roofs are provided with shaded seatings and vegetation for a biophilic effect, improving the health conditions of the Nursing Home’s residents.
Three of the volumes are the nursing departments, with 26 rooms each. Every nursing department has its own amenities, logistical and storage areas, and common spaces (kitchen, dining and living room) on every floor. All the nursing departments have a view towards the interior courtyard, composed of the lawn with the red-listed endangered fungi, and towards the exterior landscapes of Lade and its fjord.
The remaining volumes are the entrance/cultural center and the administration department. The entry building counts with all the amenities that the Nursing Home requires (assembly room, foot care and hairdresser), which can be accessed by non-residents. Additionally, a small cafe is included to accommodate visitors and a community greenhouse on its roof to involve the rest of the community in farm-to-table practices, something asked by the existing local residents of the Lade Peninsula. The administration building is divided into two floors, the ground floor locates public services and offices, and the second floor houses the private needs of the workers.
Lastly, several of these volumes count with connected underground parking for staff and supply deliveries, shaped to avoid disturbing the endangered fungi.

Nursing Home Section

Nursing Home Strategies

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